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Peru, officially the Republic of Peru is a country in western South America. It is bordered by Ecuador, Colombia,Brazil, Bolivia, Chile, and the Pacific Ocean. Peru is an hugely biodiverse country, from the plains of the Pacific coast to the peaks of the Andes mountains, to the tropical Amazon Basin rainforest and the Amazon river.
Peru is a representative democratic republic and has 25 smaller regions. It is classified as an emerging market, with a high level of human development, an upper middle income level and an average economic growth rate of 5.9%. It also has one of the world's fastest industrial growth rates, at an average of 9.6%. Its main industries are based in the primary sector and mainly feature mining, manufacturing, agriculture and fishing.
The sol is the currency of Peru; it is subdivided into 100 céntimos/cents. The sol replaced the Peruvian inti in 1991 and the name is a return to that of Peru's historic currency, as the previous version of sol was used from 1863 to 1985. From its introduction in 1991, the currency was officially called nuevo sol - new sol - but in 2015, the Peruvian Congress voted to rename the currency simply sol.
The potato originated from Peru, and there are currently over 3,000 different varieties. Proud Peruvians use the phrase Soy mas Peruano que la papa, meaning I am more Peruvian than the potato. Some modern scientists are even reverting back to Ancient Peruvian planting methods in order to prevent strains of genetically modified potatoes from losing their resistance to famine.
The Peruvian Sol is the official currency of Peru. The ISO 4217 currency code for the Peruvian Sol is PEN.