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Fiji, officially the Republic of Fiji, is an archipelagic state in Melanesia in the South Pacific Ocean, about 1,100 nautical miles northeast of New Zealand. The two major islands, Viti Levu and Vanua Levu, account for 87% of the total population. The capital, Suva on Viti Levu, serves as Fiji's principal cruise port.
Due to its abundance of forestry, minerals, and fishing resources, Fiji is one of the most developed economies in the Pacific. Its main trade industries are tourists and sugar exports.
Fiji’s islands were formed 150 million years ago due to volcanic activity, and even today some geothermal activity can still be observed.
Europeans first visited Fiji in the 1600s, and was established as the British Colony of Fiji in 1847. After years of British reign, a republic was declared in 1987.
There are 322 islands in Fiji, and over 500 small islets. About 110 of these islands are inhabited. The islands are spread over 194,000 km², of which just 10% is land.
The main sports played in Fiji are primarily rugby and soccer.
The Fijian Dollar is the official currency of Fiji. The ISO 4217 currency code for the Fijian Dollar is FJD.